Developing AMR Tools for WHO

Developing AMR Tools for WHO (SEARO and India Country Office)

Project Brief A. Developing a tool for situation analysis of AMR surveillance programs in South East Asia

o   WHO SEARO commissioned the development of the tool to aid in the Member States in the development of National Action Plan of AMR, based on gaps identified using an evidence-based tool.

B. Situation analysis of AMR and its containment in India

a.       WHO Country Office, India, commissioned this situation analysis review to inform the report to be tabled at the Interministerial Meeting which would ratify the development of the National Action Plan on AMR in India.

Principal Investigator Dr. Manish Kakkar, Senior Public Health Specialist, Roadmap to Combat Zoonoses in India Initiative, Public Health Foundation of India
My Role Senior Research Associate

  • For both the projects I was tasked with undertaking the review of evidence which would identify the evidence base to complete the task. I undertook a scoping review approach for the tasks as a number of grey literature sources needed to be incorporated.
  • For developing the tool (point A above) I identified the evidence on assessing AMR surveillance programs, and listed the indicators which would be assessed by the tool. The tool was then developed in consultation with WHO SEARO experts. The tool was tested in Indonesia (results published in BMJ, link below) and other Member States of the SEAR.
  • For conducting the situation analysis of AMR in India (point B above), I undertook a scoping literature review. I drafted the report which was placed with the WHO and subsequently informed their inputs to the multidisciplinary Interministerial panel which ratified the National Action Plan on AMR for India. The findings of the report were published in the BMJ.
Project Period June 2016 – March 2017
More information 1.      Kakkar M, Sharma A, Vong S. Developing a situation analysis tool to assess containment of antimicrobial resistance in South East Asia. BMJ. 2017 Sep 5;358:j3760. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j3760.

2.      Parathon H, Kuntaman K, Widiastoety TH, Muliawan BT, Karuniawati A, Qibtiyah M, Djanun Z, Tawilah JF, Aditama T, Thamlikitkul V, Vong S. Progress towards antimicrobial resistance containment and control in Indonesia. BMJ. 2017 Sep 5;358:j3808. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j3808.

3.      Kakkar M, Walia K, Vong S, Chatterjee P, Sharma A. Antibiotic resistance and its containment in India. BMJ. 2017 Sep 5;358:j2687. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j2687.

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